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Smart Transport System in India: The Definitive Guide to the AIS 140 Standard GPS Tracker

“How the Emergency Button Should Work As per the AIS-140, passengers or crew present in the vehicle should be able to make an emergency request by pressing the emergency button. When this button is pressed, an emergency alert is sent to the configured IP address(s). If there is no data network available, the alert shall be sent as an SMS message along with vehicle location data to the configured control center number(s). The emergency request function must be part of the Vehicle Location Tracking (VLT) system. The button will be so designed that it is easy to press in the case of an emergency, but also minimizes the possibility of accidental or unintended presses.”

As road networks improve throughout the United States of America, and greater roads get built, the wide variety of automobiles coming on roads is developing by way of leaps and boundaries. This ends in visitor’s congestion that can show to be an each day undertaking for all types of commuters, drivers, site visitors police and others. By means of the use of a smart transport system (ITS), services related to site visitors management and modes of shipping can be built which assist users have better get entry to information to leverage delivery networks in a more efficient, timely manner. With growing worries related to safety and safety of residents, in particular girls and kids, having a clever transport system in India have received importance these days. Authority’s bodies and delivery related our bodies in India had been operating towards enforcing numerous components of its in India.

The automotive enterprise standards committee constituted under the aegis of the erstwhile ministry of floor transport has worked on a standard for this, the ais-140, entitled “sensible transportation structures (ITS) – requirements for public shipping vehicle operation”. It identifies the necessary factors for a powerful implementation of car stage its device.

Even as the closing date for public delivery motors to have devices which can be AIS 140 compliant has been prolonged, the marketplace is already seeing the release of devices that declare to be AIS 140 prepared or  AIS 140 GPS device producers.

As a GPS tracking Solution Company in India, you will need to be properly versed with the standard so that your solutions make use of the right devices which might be dependable in addition to completely compliant. AIS 140 is a comprehensive file that information out the specs. it covers the hardware requirements in detail, what the software program for the tool have to be able to doing and communicating, what the back end servers of the gadget need to be like, how the verbal exchange need to manifest with authorities transport manage centers and what’s required at these manage centers.

We’ve got simplified the important thing factors from the draft, so it turns into easy so that it will apprehend

the specs.

Let’s first take a look at the GPS tracking device itself. What does the same old say the tool should be? Right here are the components the tool should have:

A modem: the tool needs to talk with servers and the authorities manipulate centers, so a modem is a need to. The standard offers full specifications for the modem.

GPS: it have to have a GPS tracker that helps the global navigation satellite machine, the Indian local navigation satellite machine and GAGAN, the Indian satellite based totally augmentation device. The usual defines the position accuracy, the minimal acquisition sensitivity of the GPS issue, in addition to the minimal monitoring sensitivity. With these specs, the tool is capable of percentage data that is dependable and recent.

Emergency Button(s): the tool could have emergency buttons, on urgent of which signals may be dispatched to the IP addresses configured. The wide variety of buttons is distinct for exclusive automobiles. As an instance, a passenger automobile shall have two buttons for each seating row in addition to a devoted one for the driver. A passenger bus shall have effortlessly seen and available buttons, every 2m or so, as well as a dedicated button for each row of seats reserved for girls.

Inner battery: the tool should have an internal battery backup to assist 4 hours of ordinary operations.

Embedded SIM: the device shall have an embedded SIM, so it’s chip-based SIM, and no longer like the regular card based totally SIMS. It has to allow for converting the community issuer, if wished. It has to offer a life span of as a minimum 10 years and greater than 1 million study/write cycles.

Accelerometer and Gyroscope: The tools have to have a three-axis accelerometer and three-axis gyroscope for getting indicators on harsh braking, harsh acceleration, and rash turning.

Digital and analog interfaces: The devices have to offer for including on sensors. it need to have 4 virtual, two analog, one serial port, and one for emergency button extension.

Non volatile memory (flash reminiscence): a vehicle may not constantly be in a place with complete community connectivity. So the device needs if you want to keep facts in such situations.

Tamper proof: the tool shall be tamper evidence and should be proof against dust, temperature and water splashes (ip65 rated or higher). It will be manufactured as in line with nice management standards defined for automobile industries.

Help a wide variety of automobiles: the usual defines the dc variety of tool operation, 8.v to 32.v which means that the equal tool have to be able to guide many special forms of vehicles.

Software program

What ought to the software aspect of the GPS tracking tool be able to do? It ought to be able to send details concerning the device to the cloud/server setup of the solution. These details encompass device registration records, tool configuration facts, tool login, vicinity, alerts, emergency button indicators, and facts regarding the car health. It should also ship the car wide variety. The standard requires that the device send this statistics at 10 minute intervals, even when the car is became off.

Other than these, the AIS 140 standard also prescribes the following:

Configurable: the device has to be configurable to permit some functionality. For example the software should permit changing the settings for the logging frequency, and the frequency of posting to server.

Updates: the tool should support firmware updates over the air (FOTA).

Guide SMS: inside the occasion of the vehicle no longer in a place with right facts community connectivity, the information regarding the cars have to nonetheless be dispatched to the backend servers. For that reason, SMS primarily based operations are mandated. And if there is no community available it has to be able to store records offline as properly.

Secure information transmission: the facts being sent have to be via secured channels. For example, this may be via a secure committed APN.

Two ip addresses: in case of an emergency alert, the device should be able to ship data to 2 extraordinary ip addresses simultaneously.

Driver behavior: at the same time as the hardware mandates include having accelerators and gyroscopes to locate difficult braking, and so forth, the software program need to be capable of select this records intelligently to deliver how secure the driving is.

Backend Server Requirements

The AIS-140 has provisioned for some requirements which are to be handled at the backend server level. They include the following:

  • Ancient information must be stored for 90 days.
  • If the tool stops functioning, a sums notification must be dispatched to the vehicle owner.
  • If a gadgets doesn’t ship information beyond a sure time c program language period (1 day, 7 day, and so forth), then a notification should go to the automobile proprietor from the server.
  • The server should hold safety and privacy of data.


The standard also covers positive functional checking out necessities that ought to be met by using tool manufacturers. Those include:

Checking out of configuration of device parameters over the air (OTA):  for instance, the check must check if the settings for the primary and secondary ip addresses may be modified, whether parameters for harsh braking may be set, over the air.

Automobile degree practical checks: these encompass vehicle place tracking with emergency button. For instance, the device needs to transmit the placement, velocity and time (PVT) details of the automobile to the authorities manipulate center.

Device stage checks: those consist of exams for monitoring, vicinity accuracy, acquisition sensitivity, monitoring sensitivity, the time it takes to determine its first region fix in various conditions, SIM, and so on. there are performance and sturdiness exams for the device and see how well it performs in opposition to shocks, vibrations, dirt and water ingress, etc. the device shall be subjected to dry warmness, bloodless, damp heat, temperature surprise, and numerous different environmental checks. Protocol trying out additionally wishes to be performed which covers a variety of parameters, from car variety to cell community code and internal battery voltage. At the side of protocol testing, memory garage and messages and indicators are to be examined as nicely.

Government Control Centre Requirements

The AIS – 140 mandates that there ought to be a mechanism for emergency reaction and hence it has a provision to talk to authorities manipulate centers. Every country has to installation their personal manipulate center or upgrade current ones so that you can manage the alerts that every tool in their vicinity will communicate. While it’s miles the kingdom authorities’ duty to make certain that the manipulate center is installation as it should be, as a GPS answer company, it is essential in an effort to understand the requirements:

  • The manipulate center must support registration of devices and motors in which they may be fitted.
  • Make certain that the configuration of gadgets is as in step with country guidelines.
  • Make sure that ordinary health checks of gadgets are performed.
  • Should have a proper procedure in area to deal with emergency indicators.

The AIS – 140 goes into info of every of these necessities, and what the expectations are from the tool and its assisting ecosystem. Whilst those are requirements for GPS manufacturers to comply with, it is

essential for GPS solution vendors as nicely, to be additionally absolutely privy to them, so they’re capable of determine the first-rate of those gadgets. This enables them live compliant as consistent with AIS – 140 requirements, in addition to deliver extra green and reliable solutions to their customers.

If you want to recognize greater approximately any of those details and want to connect with AIS – 140 GPS device producers, please write to us, and our GPS solution professional gets in touch.

(As submitted to by Chandra Shekhar Satti. If you like your StartUp to be published, please write to us

About the author

Yasir Khan

Yasir Khan is an Digital Marketer, SEO Specialist. He made his Digital Marketing debut in 2017 To know more about him, you can connect at GPS systems blog with him also on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn.

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